2013 Summer (Baltic and Britain – Scotland – July 23 – Day 30 – Part 1)

My mother was born in Scotland and her maiden name was Young Her parents emigrated to Canada in 1930, when my mother was only 8 1/2 months old.

According to the internet: “The name Young in Scotland is synonymous with Younger, which was used to describe the heir to a feudal title.  Earliest records of the name in Scotland include Malmor and Ade Young who appear at Dumbarton in 1271.  In 1439 Alexander Young was chaplain to the House of the Holy Trinity in Aberdeen.  Peter Young became assistant preceptor to the three-year-old James VI of Scotland, upon the recommendation of the Regent Moray in 1569.   He was knighted at Whitehall in 1605. Sir Peter Young had a large family and many of them rose to enjoy royal patronage.”

Clan Young no longer has a hereditary chief so it is considered an armigerous clan. Wikipedia defines an armigerous clan as: “A Scottish clan, family or name which is registered with the Court of the Lord Lyon and once had a chief who bore undifferenced arms, but does not have a chief currently recognized as such by Lyon Court. Before 1745 all chiefs had arms; however, not all of these are recorded in the Public Register of All Arms and Bearings in Scotland, which was only established in 1672.

In Scottish heraldry only chiefs or heads of clans, families, or names bear undifferenced arms. A clan is considered a “noble incorporation” because a clan chief is a title of honour in Scotland and the chief confers his or her noble status onto the clan. Because armigerous clans do not have such chiefs, they are not recognised as noble communities and have no legal standing under Scots law.Jedburgh lies on the Jed Water, a tributary of the River Teviot, 16 km (10 miles) from the border with England, and is dominated by the substantial ruins of Jedburgh Abbey.   The abbey was founded in 1147, but border wars with England in the 16th century left it a ruin. David I built a  castle at Jedburgh, and in 1174 it was one of five fortresses ceded to England. It was an occasional royal residence for the Scots but was demolished in 1409. The proximity to England made it subject to raids and skirmishes by both Scottish and English forces but its strategic position also brought the town valuable trade. At various times and at various locations the town supported a horse market, a cattle market, a corn market and a butcher market. Farm workers and servants also attended hiring fairs seeking employment

Jedburgh Castle is located not far from the Abbey ruins.

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